sort icon
Superject To be something for oneself necessarily entails being something for others. "Superject" refers to the sense in which an occasion has an effect beyond itself. This is not optional; it is simply a matter of fact. Whitehead underscores this frequently by calling an actual entity a "subject/superject."
Subjective Form Every prehension is felt with a certain positive or negative value from the point of view of the feeling subject. This constitutes "how" the other is felt. The term "mutuality of subjective form" refers to the way in which each feeling conditions all others as the becoming entity contrasts and compares data in the process of unification.
Subjective Aim This is the self-selected purpose that governs what an actual entity shall become. An actual occasion adapts the initial aim to its own becoming, making that aim its subjective aim.
Satisfaction This constitutes the achievement of unity whereby a subject is itself. It is the goal of concresence, and completes the occasion. Because of the reversal of poles in God, satisfaction in God relates to the primordial vision, and therefore is everlasting in God.
Primordial Nature This is the equivalent of the mental pole of God. The primordial nature is God's grasp of all possibilities. This grasp involves an ordering evaluation of possibilities into a harmony that is called the primordial vision, or primordial envisagement.
Prehension The feeling of others is called "prehension." It is the process of transforming transitional creativity into concrescent creativity. What is "there" is felt "here" through prehension. Positive prehensions are often called "feelings."
Physical Pole This is the means by which a becoming occasion prehends the transitional creativity of the past. Actual occasions originate in the physical pole, whereas God originates in the mental pole.
Objective Immortality Every actual occasion affects every successor. The effect is the transmission of its own value to another by way of transitional creativity. There can be both repetitive and transformative elements in objective immortality. All entities demand a measure of conformity to themselves, or an accounting of their own particular value in the universe. The more complex entities, however, can also anticipate their own participation in some wider scheme of things, and hence become a force for transformation through objective immprtality. The process is objective, since no finite occasion can prehend another in its entirety. The other is felt as object. This process is termed immortality, since it perpetuates one's continuing effect throughout the universe.
Negative Prehensions Every item in the universe is felt. These feelings are called "prehensions." A negative feeling is one in which the particular item felt is excluded from positive integration within the concrescent process.
Mental Pole Every actuality has both a mental and a physical pole. The mental pole is the grasp of possibilities relative to the subject's own becoming. This grasp of possibilities guides he entity's integration of feelings from the physical pole into subjective unity.
Liturgy A predetermined or prescribed set of rituals that are performed, usually by a religion. An official worship service of the Christian church
Lectionary Part of the fittings of a church and contains readings from Christian Scripture. It is the book from which the officiant reads to the congregation during holy services.
Initial Aim This inaugurates the becoming of the new occasion. The aim originates in God. From the point of view of God, God's knowledge of the becoming occasion's entire past is integrated with God's own purposes. This yields a particular possibility for what the new occasion might become. Through God's transitional creativity, this possibility is given to the occasion as its initial aim. It provides the occasion with an optimum way of unifying the many influences the occasion receives from its past.
Immediacy Often called "subjective immediacy," this refers to the entity's own experience of itself in the concrescent process.
Eternal Objects These are potentialities for becoming, or forms of definiteness that exist only as possibilities. Their locus is the primordial nature of God. A synonym for an eternal object is a potential.
Creativity "Creativity," "many," and "one" belong to what Whitehead calls the "category of the ultimate." Every actuality is an instantiation of creativity, or the process whereby many feelings are unified into one determinate subject. In Whitehead, creativity proceeds in two forms. Concresent creativity is the process of becoming, and transitional creativity is the process of influencing another's becoming. It is possible that there is yet a third form of creativity, relating to the satisfaction as a dynamic unity. This would account for the generation of transitional creativity from the satisfaction of the occasion.
Consequent Nature Whitehead refers to the physical pole in God as God's consequent nature. This is God's feelings of the world. It is "consequent" in a twofold sense. First, it follows from the primordial nature in God, and second, it follows from the actual happenings in the world.
Concresence This refers to the activity of becoming; it is the unification of many feelings into the single actual entity or occasion. In concresence, feelings are contrasted and evaluatied until they are integrated into a final unity, called the "satisfaction." The activity of concresence is the self-production of the subject.
Actual Occasion This phrase is almost a synonym for actual entity, with the one distinction that it applies only to finite entities, not to God. "Actual occasion" implies a locus in the spatio-temporal extensiveness of the universe. Since God is understood to be nontemporal in respect to the primordial nature, God is always referred to as an actual entity, and never as an actual occasion.
Actual Entity Each unit of process is called an actual entity; it is a drop of experience that comes into existence through the creative process of conscresence. Actual entities are the "final real things of which the world is made up." They are the building blocks that, through an essential interconnectedness, make up the composite world of rocks, trees, and people.